Welcome to Terrafirma


The 2021 application period began December 1, 2020 and will end February 1, 2021. The 2021 policy will begin March 1, 2021. Please contact us with any questions.

You are a critical part of this formidable shared conservation defense service for land trusts.

For answers to frequently asked questions on applications, costs, claims, governance and more, please see the FAQ page.

To view Terrafirma's annual report to members and financial documents, click here.


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About Terrafirma

The Land Trust Alliance formed Terrafirma in 2011 to help land trusts defend their conserved lands from legal challenge. It is owned by its members to insure the costs of upholding conservation easements and fee lands held for conservation purposes when they have been violated or are under legal attack, and to provide information on risk management to those land trusts. This national initiative demonstrates land trusts' commitment to take seriously their responsibility to ensure the permanence of their conservation work.



Why Terrafirma?

Conservation easements and lands are increasingly under attack across America. As population and development pressures increase, so does the value of conserved properties, making them vulnerable. Eventually, every land trust will face some form of litigation.

In addition, public entities, the general public (through taxes, tax incentives and credits), private individuals, and foundations have invested billions of dollars in voluntary conservation of private lands. Terrafirma is one part of a comprehensive suite of protections for land trust protected properties.


How It Works

Terrafirma is owned and operated by your land trust and the other 536 insured land trusts.

We’re here to help! You can email us directly at or call:

202-800-2248 for Hannah Flake, Coordinator
802-262-6051 for Leslie Ratley-Beach, Director

Please call or write your representative or a Terrafirma employee any time you have a question, problem, or suspect you might have a claim.