A claim is a demand made by the insured (you) for payment of benefits as provided by the policy. A claim event is one in which you reasonably anticipate the event is likely to result in a claim or already has resulted in a claim. This includes a claim for payment of mediation, negotiation or any other less than litigation fees, as well as for litigation itself.
No. It is the mission of Terrafirma to protect conservation values. Filing a claim means you are doing your job to ensure conservation values -- you will not be penalized for doing your job. Your premium will not increase as a result of filing a claim, and it will not increase as a result of presenting your claim to the Terrafirma Claims Committee.
While both a claim and a placeholder claim satisfy the requirement to give notice to Terrafirma, a placeholder claim is not automatically evaluated and brought before the Terrafirma Claims Committee.
The process is simple and there’s no need to refile. Just notify us via e-mail and Terrafirma will take your claim off hold and make arrangements for it to be seen by the Claims Committee if necessary.
Members of Terrafirma can submit a claim by logging into their account, and clicking on the link to "Submit a Claim." This link will take you to the claims form. Fill out as much of the claims form as you can and click "Submit" when you are done. You can stop and save your form at any time. Your claim will not be submitted until you click on the Submit button.
The process for submitting a placeholder claim is the same as for filing a regular claim (see above). The difference is that you will select "Yes, file a placeholder claim" as your answer to the first question.
See a blank example here.
No. Terrafirma is not a reimbursement policy. To have your expenses covered by Terrafirma, you will need to submit a claim as soon as you discover the issue.
A claim may stretch over more than one year but it is covered under the policy in the year of first occurrence. Details on these points are explicit in the insurance policy.
Please see our short document meant to serve as a general guideline: Indicators of When to File a Claim
There is a $5,000 deductible for each claim submitted.
No. There is no copayment for covered claims as long as the land trust maintains continuous coverage.
A high deductible and premium or coinsurance — which requires the land trust to pay a percentage of its legal costs — likely would not have a positive effect on costs or on land trust practices or choices. In practice, unless the coinsurance percentage is high (incurring a painful level of uninsured cost to the insured), it does not significantly affect the insured’s attitude toward defense. Requiring coinsurance or a very high deductible could be a financial burden on smaller insureds; it could make it more difficult to gain their cooperation in a vigorous defense, and it could be counterproductive. Insurance, while helpful in protecting the insured, will not cover all costs. Even with a low deductible there are costs such as staff time and mitigation steps.
The Claims Committee is responsible for the assignment of outside counsel, in consultation with the member insured land trust. The Claims Committee may choose any qualified counsel to represent the member land trust provided that counsel agrees with the fee schedule and is qualified to handle the claim. Land trusts insured with Terrafirma usually have a relationship with an outside trial attorney and Terrafirma prefers to retain attorneys that the land trusts know and respect, and who understand the local culture. Terrafirma's first choice therefore is the outside counsel preferred by the member, if qualified to handle the claim and agreeable to the fee and work guidelines. The Claims Committee may authorize the engagement of adjusters, third-party investigators, attorneys or other professionals as necessary. We want to be sure that land trusts have the best possible representation needed, balanced with consideration for local issues and a preference for experienced local counsel. If a land trust does not have a trusted trial attorney, then Terrafirma is likely to play a much larger role in attorney selection than it would for a land trust with a long-established relationship with a highly qualified litigator who is able to work at a discounted rate. Ultimately the decision rests with Terrafirma, but since the land trusts are also the owners and operators of Terrafirma the result is fair and appropriate decisions about legal counsel.
The Claims Committee is composed of seven attorneys appointed by the Members Committee who are experienced in conservation and insurance. Members have experience with legal challenges. They know what it means to operate a land trust and protect hard-won conservation interests. They are responsible for ensuring that Terrafirma is well managed and that costs are appropriately contained. The Claims Committee is responsible for evaluating, monitoring, approving and managing all member claims and legal strategy for Terrafirma. Alliance Risk Management Services LLC (ARMS) provides staff for the Claims Committee, and any subcommittees. ARMS staff are the Conservation Defense Director for the Land Trust Alliance and the Conservation Defense Coordinator. As an aggregate, Claims Committee members have the following areas of experience: